Deciduous Tree Pruning Calendar

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A Guide to Successful Pruning, Decidous Tree Pruning Calendar

Authors: Bonnie Lee Appleton, Extension Nursery Specialist, Virginia Tech; Susan C. French, Research Specialist, Virginia Tech

Publication Number: 430-460, posted June 1998

Decidous Tree Pruning Calendar

Legend:
* = Best time to prune
x = Do not prune except to correct damage, hazards, or structural defects
– = Timing is not critical

Comments

      Seldom needs pruning – remove multiple leaders, dead and broken branches

 

  1. Avoid pruning in late winter/early spring due to sap flow (more cosmetic than detrimental)
  2. Avoid pruning from spring through summer due to insect or disease problems
  3. Avoid pruning from October – December due to reduced cold hardiness
  4. Avoid pruning after July because flower buds have set

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Ailanthus
Alder * * * *
Ash
Bald Cypress
Beech * * *
Birch * x x x x x x * * 1,2
Buckeye x x x x * * * x x x x x 4
Catalpa
Cherry, Flowering x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Chestnut, Chinese
Crabapple x x x x * * * x x x x x 4
Crape Myrtle * * * x x x x x x 3
Dogwood x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Elm x x x x x x * * * 1,2
Fringe Tree x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Ginko
Goldenraintree x x x x x * * *
Hackberry x x 2
Hawthorn x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Hickory
Honeylocust * *
Horsechestnut x x x x * * * x x x x x 4
Katsura
Linden x x x x * * *
Magnolia x x x x * * * x x x x x 4
Maple x x x x * * * x x * * 1,2
Mimosa
Mountain Ash
Mulberry
Nyssa, Black Gum
Oak x x x x x x * * 2
Peach, Flowering x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Pear, Flowering x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Plum,
Flowering and Purple
x x x x x * * x x x x x 4
Poplar x x x * * * 1
Redbud x x x x * * * x x x x x 2,4
Serviceberry x x x x * * * x x x x x 4
Sophora x x x x * * *
Sourwood x x x x x * * *
Stewartia * x x x *
Sweetgum
Sycamore, Plane
Tuliptree
Willow x x x 1
Zelkova

Exception: Timing varies across USDA climate zones – zones within Virginia range from 8a in the Virginia Beach area to 5b along the West Virginia border.

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